“Understanding is the first step to acceptance, and only with acceptance can there be recovery"
The four core documents which we regularly prepare for Humanitarian Organizations world-wide are as follows.
Standard Operating Procedures
Standard operating procedure, or SOP's are a set of step-by-step instructions to achieve a predictable, standardized, desired security management and subsequently safe programing activities.
They are used as a guideline for organizations to follow a centralized security procedures dictated by the organizations headquarters, but specifically written with the context and environment in mind.
A contingency plan is a plan devised for an outcome other than in the usual (expected) plan.
It is used for risk management when an exceptional risk that, though unlikely, would have catastrophic consequences.
During times of crisis, contingency plans are often developed to explore and prepare for any eventuality.
Risk assessment is the process where you: Identify hazards. Analyze or evaluate the risk associated with that hazard. Determine appropriate ways to eliminate or control the hazard.
The fundamentals of the Risk Assessment are to assess the likelihood of each type of event taking place and compare it with the severity of the impact on humanitarian staff and programs.
The Risk Assessment should be used as a tool to support appropriate recommendations, and the application of relevant mitigation strategies.
Country Security Guidelines
These guidelines provide a background to the country, area of operations and context and give advisory and recommendations which are specific to the organization.